Video: Luana Salerno, psychologist and researcher at Istituto di Neuroscienze, Florence, Italy.
Sleep disturbances and emotional regulation in adults with ADHD
Principal investigator: Prof Stefano Pallanti
Co-Investigators: Dr Chiara Cecchelli, Dr Luana Salerno
Research team and contact Information: CNS Centro Ricerca Clinical Neurosciences ONLUS, [email protected]
Study site: Centro Ricerca Clinical Neurosciences ONLUS Via Lamarmora 24, Firenze
We received 5,070 euro!
Research goal: 5,000
State of the project – June 2016
The aim of our project is to examine the effects of sleep disturbances on the emotional control of adults with ADHD. Because there is increasing evidence of the frequent comorbidity between ADHD and a disordered sleep, we want to explore a potential influence between disregulated sleep patterns and the emotional lability and social difficulties so frequently reported by adults with ADHD.
So far we have assessed 50 adults with ADHD, collecting data regarding the severity of ADHD symptoms, their sleep habits, the presence of depressive or anxiety symptoms, the level of irritability and emotional control.
People with ADHD included in such research study received a clinical diagnosis of ADHD, based on results by screening rating scales, the diagnostic interview DIVA 2.0, and a clinical history documenting the chronicity and pervasiveness of the disorder.
For examining sleep habits and emotional control, we used the following rating scales:
• Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)
• Insomnia Severity Index (ISI)
• Irritability, Depression and Anxiety Scale (IDAS)
• Barkley Deficits in Executive Functioning Scale (BDEFS).
We have published the progress of our research in a local journal and informed on the importance of the relationship between sleep problems and ADHD symptomatology through conferences and papers. We wrote an article for the AIFA Onlus journal (June 2015) and recently we published the following paper:
• Salerno L, Makris N, Pallanti S. Sleep disorders in adult ADHD: a key feature. Journal of Psychopathology 2016;22:135-140
We are confident in concluding the data collection by October 2016.
Aim of the study: We will assess the presence of sleep disorders in 40 adults with, and 40 adults without ADHD, using specific rating scales.
Further, we will compare emotional control and impairment level of ADHD individuals with sleeping difficulties to those with ADHD only.
If our data will confirm a relationship between sleeping disturbances and poor emotional control in adults with ADHD, and if they have a significant impact on impairment level, appropriate interventions will be implemented in order to ameliorate their quality of sleep.
There are still obstacles for assessing and treating adequately these aspects in ADHD adults. We need your contribution in order to improve the quality of care for people with ADHD!
Obiettivo dello studio: Noi valuteremo la presenza di disturbi del sonno in 40 adulti con ADHD e 40 adulti senza ADHD, utilizzando specifici strumenti di valutazione.
Poi confronteremo il grado di controllo emotivo e di compromissione degli individui che hanno ADHD e difficoltà del sonno con quello di coloro che hanno solo l’ADHD.
Se i nostri dati confermeranno l’esistenza di una relazione tra disturbi del sonno e scarso controllo emotivo negli adulti con ADHD, e una influenza significativa sul loro livello di compromissione, verranno attivati interventi specifici per migliorare la qualità del loro sonno.
Vi sono ancora degli ostacoli nel valutare e trattare adeguatamente questi aspetti negli adulti con ADHD. Noi abbiamo bisogno del vostro contributo per migliorare la qualità delle cure per le persone con ADHD!